We continue to focus our posts on “phonological awareness” because it is such an important developmental component in contributing to a child’s ability to be successful in learning to read. Many studies have shown that a child lacking phonemic and phonological awareness experience difficulties in learning to read. These studies also indicate that mini-lessons that focus on developing this awareness can greatly improve a child’s success rate in this area.
How Can I Tell if a Student Lacks Phonemic Awareness Skills?
The site displayed in the link below contains valuable ideas in phonemic awareness. This specific page contains videos of a student lacking phonemic awareness skills and another student who has developed a solid understanding in phonemic awareness.
What is the Difference Between Phonemic Awareness and Alphabetic Principal?
Phonemic awareness is a child’s ability to discriminate sounds whereas the alphabetic principal requires students to associate a sound to a specific letter. The link below provides a benchmark for kindergarten in both areas. The focus of this blog posting is to present activities for the high priority skills outlined for phonemic awareness.
Phonemic Awareness Activities – Rhyming
Reading, reading and more reading so children can hear the rhyme within literature. Dr. Seuss has always been a favorite to use for this purpose. Throughout the site I recommend books; many of which do include rhyming.
2. Matching Rhyming Cards and Emergent Reader on the Public Site
In the link below you will find word family rhyming picture cards and a rhyming emergent reader.
Click Here to View on You Tube
3. Rhyming Picture Cards in Nutrition Theme
Within the different theme units of the members site you will find rhyming game activities. Since the focus for this blog post is on the “Nutrition Theme” we have posted a Smart Board activity that could be used in relation to rhyming and the focus theme. There is also a printable version of the rhyming cards if you do not have access to a Smart Board.
4. Rhyming Riddles
The cards could be used to make rhyming riddles. Examples are found in the link below:
5. Integrate Show and Tell
If you students bring something for “Show and Tell” integrate a rhyming activity. For example, if a student brings a play “truck” have the students generate words that rhyme. Allow for nonsense words but this would be acknowledged.
6. Rhyming Names
Students love to make rhymes with their names. Have fun making nonsense words with names of students in the classroom.
Example: Jason the mason. Bill in the grill.
Orally Separate Phonemes
Using a puppet to develop this skill would be ideal. Explain that the puppet says all the sounds in words very slowly. Demonstrate how the puppet speaks, example, h—o—t (stretching the sounds). The children would site what word the puppet said (hot). Together as a class generate a name for the puppet (Slow Word Sam). After, the children have become familiar with this activity they can take the puppet to the Literacy Center and do the same activities that were modeled in class.
Identifies First Sound in One Syllable Word Assessment
In the link below you will view a video on how a student was assessed to determine his ability to identify first sound understanding.
Hearing Beginning Letter Sounds Assessment
First Sound Instruction Lesson
In the link below you will find how a lesson was conducted in developing first sound understanding.
Hundreds of Picture Cards
If you are a member of the site you will have access to hundreds of picture cards that would be used to develop the skills outlined above. The alphabet cards specifically would be used for this purpose.
In the link below you can access alphabet picture cards but they are not of the quality or quantity you would have access to as a member.
WHAT ARE YOUR FAVORITE RHYMING BOOKS??? HOW DID YOU FIND THIS POST HELPFUL? NEXT POSTING WE WILL TALK ABOUT SEGMENTATION.