This lesson plan demonstrates how a new alphabet letter and its corresponding sound can be introduced within a meaningful context. It also demonstrates how integration plays a key role in meeting the curriculum outcomes. It would be very difficult to meet all the Preschool-Kindergarten outcomes if lesson plans were not integrated to include a variety of skills.
8:28-9:00 Circle Time
-Calendar, count days on calendar, count how many days they have been in school, add this many straws to the 10′s cup.
-Sing “Days of the Week” display video on Smart Board.
-Sing and view animated alphabet video and have students pay special attention the the letter “Aa”.
Introducing “Ape’s Apples”
Emergent Reader for Shared Reading – Letter “Aa”
-Have a student find the “Ape’s Apples” alphabet card on the bulletin board. Display the title page “Ape’s Apples” on the Smart Board (if you do not have a Smart Board print the sentences on sentence strips or chart paper and place the pictures beside each sentence). You could also display the story using an overhead projector (which I have done for many years).
-Explain that they are now going to read a book together called “Ape’s Apples”. Discuss what experiences they have had with apes. Explain that they will be taking this book home to read to their parents.
-Read the book together, pointing to the words as you read. On each page, have a student come forward and add the correct amount of apples to the tree.
Introducing the Letter Sound
1. Look at the words ape and apple.
2. Introduce the sounds “Aa” makes. Hand out small mirrors (purchased at the dollar store) and have the students observe the following: where their tongue is placed, what their lips do when making the two sounds of letter “Aa”, feel their throat and vocal chords, do they feel air coming out from their mouth? How do their lips change? Review the sounds of c and u.
3. Sort picture cards according to if they hear short or long “a” sound or do the Smart Board activity outlined below. Picture sorting cards are found on the members web page of the Apples Theme.
This video outlines activities I have created for the Smart Board to help childen hear the sounds of short and long vowel “Aa” sounds.
6 Students assigned to “Craft Center”. These students will have an opportunity to play at the other centers in the afternoon. I enlarged the apple template (page 64) and traced it on red construction paper. I also copied the leaves (page 66) in the Apples Theme. The students will color the leaves and cut the apple template. My assistant will cut the leaves while the students are cutting the apple template. They are still developing correct usage of scissors. The students will glue on their leaves and print their name on the back. After, a photograph will be placed on the apple. The apple picture frame will be displayed on the bulletin board with the heading “You Are the Apples Of Our Eyes”.
Guided Reading and Phonemic Awareness Activities With Teacher
Students will be reading the book “Ape’s Apples” with me. The focus will be on tracking words and coloring in the correct amount of apples.
Rest of Class at Play Center with Parent Volunteer
Sand, small manipulatives, creative crafts, housekeeping, large blocks, water and paint easel, lego, playdough and computers. At computers, they can sort the letter “Aa” pictures using Notebook software that was downloaded to our computers.
9:40 – 10:15 Get Ready and Go to Gym
10:15 – 10:30 Bathroom Break and Snack
10:30 – 10:45 Literacy Centers
Review the letter “Aa” sound and introduce “Literacy Centers”. Demonstrate activities that they will be completing at the Literacy Centers.
My parent volunteer will be working with the students to complete the picture mnemonic craft activity displayed in the photograph (template found in Apples theme). I die cut the letter “a” outline on green construction paper. The students will color and cut the apple and add it to the middle. After, each student will take a turn picking an object out of the mystery bag. They will determine if it begins with the sound of “a” or not.
Center 2 – 6 Students With Assistant
Three students will be sorting picture cards according to if they hear a “short or long a sound”. I have added phonics phones to the Center to add more appeal. The other three students will be sorting the pictures on the Smart Board. After the two groups can switch.
Center 3 – 6 Students With Teacher
There will be three students in each group. Each student takes a turn picking up a letter card from a plastic cup. They will draw a “a or u” vowel card and determine on which picture it best fits. This will require a significant amount of intervention from me. I will assist them by stretching out the sounds.
1:55 – 2:45 Math Concepts and Math Tubs
Concept – Sorting
3:10 Bus Students Leave
3:15 Walking Students Leave