Phonics Sounds Ordering Guide

Importance of Phonics

Research has proven that phonics needs to be taught within our classrooms.  There are different approaches to teaching phonics, which are outlined in the link below:


Different Approaches to Teaching Phonics and Findings


Kinderplans Phonics Program

The Kinderplans phonics program uses a combination of these approaches.  The video below provides an informative description of the program.


Ordering of Teaching Phonics

How should different phonics sounds be introduced in terms of ordering?  I have often been perplexed by this myself.  Below is a guide that will provide assistance with planning.  I have also provided visuals that I use when I go beyond teaching just the consonants and vowels.  The Kinderplans alphabet program provides effective visuals for teaching the consonants and vowels.Letter Ff



Single consonants are the easiest to learn.  Consonants can be divided into three categories:


Stretchable Consonants

These are the easiest for the learners to remember and hear.  When you say the letter name you can hear its corresponding sound be stretching the end.

l, f, m, n, r, s, v, z

Plosive ConsonantsLetter Bb

You can hear the sound in these letter names as well but air flow does not allow you to stretch the sounds.

b, d, j, k, p, t and q

Tricky Consonants

The consonants below are trickier because you cannot hear the sound within the letter name.

c, g, h, w, x and y

VowelsLetter Hh

Short vowels are taught first because phonics rules often determine if a long vowel sound is made.


Consonant Digraphs

The next group of sounds to be taught are the vowel digraphs.  These are consonants that come together to make a special sound.    The most common digraphs are outlined below:

sh, ch, wh, th

Consonant Blends

This is when two are more consonants are blended together.  Some common consonant blends are outlined below:sh and magic e

bl, br, cl, cr, dr, fr, tr, fl, gl, gr, pl, pr, sl, sm, sp, st


Final “e”

The next group, are the final “e” words.  This is when the long vowel sound is taught in relation to the “e” being placed in the final position of the word.

make, pine, kite, cone


Vowel Digraphs

This is when two vowels are together in a word.  These together can make a long vowel sound heard by the first vowel, but this does not always occur.

boat, read, pay, feet, Vowel Digraphs


Vowel Diphthong

Is a combination of two adjacent sounds within one syllable.  Examples of vowel diphthongs are outlined below:

out, soil, toy, haul



The letter “r” controls the sounds the vowel is going to make.

teacher, shark, star, birdr-controllers


Fabulous Freebies – Phonics Visuals

In the link below are visuals that I use to teach other phonics sounds once my learners have master the consonant and vowels sounds.


Phonics Visuals


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