Pete the Cat Scuba Cat Literacy

This mini-theme is based on the literacy selection “Pete the Cat Scuba Cat” written by James Dean.  Other similar selections written by this author could also be used for instructional purposes.  This unit is included in the Alphabet Program, which covers the majority of the Pre-Kindergarten outcomes.  All the alphabet letters and Pre-primer Dolch sight words are introduced within this program.

Pete the Cat Scuba Cat Literacy

Pete the Cat Scuba Cat Literacy

 

Modeled Reading or Reading Workshop

All alphabet letters/sounds and sight words begin with using popular literature selections for modeled reading or reading workshop.  In this set of lesson plans, the teacher would use “Pete the Cat Scuba Cat” and other similar literature selections written by this author.

 

Shared Reading Follow-Up

The companion emergent reader “Exploring the Ocean with Ollie Octopus” would be used a follow-up to reading the literature selection.  The color version of the reader would be projected for all the students to view.  The teacher would model the reading process teaching early reading skills, the focus alphabet letters and sight words.

 

Alphabet Letters:  Oo for “octopus and ocean”,  Jj for “jellyfish” and Ww for “whale” 

 

Pre-Primer Sight Words:  this unit is a review one

 

Exploring the Ocean Reader

Exploring the Ocean BW Reader

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

The games outlined below are follow-up activities that are used to reinforce what has been taught using the emergent reader as an introduction to the focus skills.  A collage of the activities/games are provided in the photograph below.

 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.

 

Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound displayed in the picture collage below.

 

Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph below.

 

Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  These are related to the reading selections.

Pete the Cat Scuba Cat Collage copy

 

Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities

Suggested review sight word games are included.  The games in this unit do not have specific words attached to it.  The purpose of this lesson plan unit is to review words introduced previously.

Review Sight Word Games

Review Sight Word Games

 

Writing Activity and Craft Activity

All lesson plan themes include a follow-up writing and craft activity. The students would complete the crafts outlined in the unit and write facts about what they learned about these ocean animals.

 

whale craft

Screen Shot 2018-10-14 at 7.00.38 PMjellyfish craft

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Where Can I Access These Resources?

More Pete the Cat Literacy Units

 

Pete the Cat Literacy Lesson Plans Unit

 

More Pete the Cat Literacy Units

 

Alphabet and Sight Word Program Information

 

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Guided Reading Sight Word – Alphabet Program

Explanation of the Guided Reading Sight Word – Alphabet Program

An explanation of the program can be found in the video below:

Alphabet Program Explained

Alphabet Program Explained

 

Sample Lesson Plan Unit

Literature Selection for Developing Key Reading Skills and Reading Workshop

The literature selection for this specific lesson plan unit is based on the book Library Lion written by Michelle Knudsen.  These literature selections and follow-up Alphabet/Sight Word emergent readers are used to introduce skills required for learning key reading concepts.  They can also be used for Reading Workshop focusing on making connections, asking questions, visualizing or drawing inferences.library_lion 2

Metacognition Thinking Prompts

-I’m thinking…

-I’m wondering..

-I’m picturing…

-It reminds me of…

-Maybe…

-I never though about…

-I just learned…

 

Shared Reading Follow-Up Emergent Reading

The companion emergent reader “Lion Likes to Read” would be used as a follow-up to model the reading process and to introduce early reading skills in a balanced literacy approach.

 

Colour Version

Colour Version

Black and White Version

Black and White Version

Booklet Version

Booklet Version

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interactive Component

All black and white versions of the readers include an interactive and non-interactive option.  This interactive option adds another layer of developing reading comprehension and word skills.  In this unit the students cut an paste the correct “b” pictures to match that displayed in the text.

Interactive Component Lion Likes to Read
Lion Likes to Read Interactive Reader

 Booklet Version

New A booklet version of the readers has been recently added.  This version would be run through the copier, folded and stapled with the teacher instructing the copier to do so.  Instructions on how to do this are found within the program outline.  This will vary depending on your copier’s capabilities.  This allows educators to quickly reproduce a quality reading selection that addresses key curriculum outcomes in a balanced literacy approach.

 

Skill Focus

Alphabet Letters:  Ll for “lion” and Bb for “bear”

 

Dolch Pre Primer Sight Words:  a, in, is

 

Word Family:  ap

 

Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

The games outlined below are follow-up activities that are used to reinforce what has been taught using the emergent reader as an introduction to the focus skills.  A collage of the activities/games are provided in the photograph below.

 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.

 

Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound displayed in the picture collage below.

 

Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph below.

 

Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  These lesson plans include suggestions and activities in relation to developing these skills.

Library Lion Collage copy

 

Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities – All Dolch Pre-primer Sight Words Are Addressed In Program

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the focus sight words (a, in, is).

Dice

 

Roll and Print

In this game focus sight words are printed on a blank die.  Students roll the die and print the focus sight word on the templates provided.

 

Roll, Move and Say

Playing partners take turns rolling a die and moving their game players accordingly on the game board provided.  They must say the sight word that they landed on.

 

Draw and Say

Playing partners take turns drawing a word card and saying the word displayed.  They get to keep the card if it is read correctly.

Library Lion Collage

 Writing/Craft Activity

All lesson plan themes include a follow-up writing and craft activity. The students would complete the craft/writing activity displayed below. The templates to complete this activity are found within the unit.  The teacher copies the book template onto colored paper, students draw a picture of what they like reading about and add it to the cover of the book.  A head shot and hands would be added as displayed in the photograph displayed below.  The writing component would also be completed.

Lion Likes to Read Writing Craft

 

Where Can I Access These Resources?

You can access the resources from the link below

 

Guided Reading, Sight Word/Alphabet Program

 

 

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Good Night Gorilla Literacy

This mini-theme is based on the literacy selection “Good Night Gorilla” by Peggy Rathmann. This lesson plan is part of a nine-week Good Night Gorilla Literacyprogram (or longer) to meet the majority of the kindergarten and pre-kindergarten curriculum outcomes.  A balanced literacy approach is used within the Kinderplans teaching resources.  This approach has proven to be the most effective model used in teaching today.

 

Modeled Reading

All alphabet letters/sounds and sight words begin with using  popular literature selections for modeled reading.  In this set of lesson plans, the teacher would use “Good Night Gorilla” by Peggy Rathmann.

 

Shared Reading Follow-Up

The companion emergent reader “Zoo Escape” would be used as a follow-up to model the reading process and to introduce the following:

Good Night Gorilla BW

Good Night Gorilla BW

Good Night Gorilla Reader Color

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alphabet Letters:  Gg for “gorilla” and Zz for “zebra”

 

Pre Primer Sight Words:  here, run, away, not

 

Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

The games outlined below are follow-up activities that are used to reinforce what has been taught using the emergent reader as an introduction to the focus skills.  A collage of the activities/games are provided in the photograph below.

 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.

 

Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound displayed in the picture collage below.

 

Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph below.

 

Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  These lesson plans include suggestions and activities in relation to developing these skills.

Alphabet Goodnight Gorilla Alphabet Activities

 

Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities for 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the focus sight words (here, run, away, not).

 

Roll and Printsight word game rolling die

In this game focus sight words are printed on a blank die.  Students roll the die and print the focus sight word on the templates provided.

 

Roll, Move and Say

Playing partners take turns rolling a die and moving their game players accordingly on the game board provided.  They must say the sight word that they landed on.

 

Draw and Say

Playing partners take turns drawing a word card and saying the word displayed.  They get to keep the card if it is read correctly.

 

Sight Words for Goodnight Gorilla

Writing/Craft Activity

All lesson plan themes include a follow-up writing and craft activity. The students would complete the craft/writing activity displayed below. The templates to complete this activity is found within the unit.  The students would colour and cut out the zoo quilt of the featured zoo animals.

Good Night Gorilla Craft:Art

 

Where Can I Access These Resources?

You can access the resources from the link below

 

Good Night Gorilla Literacy Lesson Plans

 

 

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Rainbow Fish Literacy Lesson Plans


Rainbow Fish LiteracyThis mini-theme is based on the literacy selection “Rainbow Fish” written by Marcus Pfister.  Other similar selections written by this author could also be used for instructional purposes.  This lesson plan is part of a nine-week program (or longer) to meet the majority of the kindergarten and pre-kindergarten curriculum outcomes.  A balanced literacy approach is used within the Kinderplans teaching resources.  This approach has proven to be the most effective model used in teaching today.

 

Modeled Reading

All alphabet letters/sounds and sight words begin with using  popular literature selections for modeled reading.  In this set of lesson plans, the teacher would use Rainbow Fish written by Marcus Pfister and other similar literature selections written by this author.

 

Shared Reading Follow-Up

The companion emergent reader “Rainbow Fish Retelling” would be used as a follow-up to model the reading process and to introduce the following:

 

Alphabet Letters:  Rr for “rainbow” and Ff for “fish”

 

Pre Primer Sight Words:  see, the, you

 

Rainbow Fish Reader Black and WhiteRainbow Fish Reader Colour

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

The games outlined below are follow-up activities that are used to reinforce what has been taught using the emergent reader as an introduction to the focus skills.  A collage of the activities/games are provided in the photograph below.

 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.

 

Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound displayed in the picture collage below.

 

Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph below.

 

Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  These lesson plans based on the book “Rainbow Fish” include suggestions and activities in relation to developing these skills.

Rainbow Fish Literacy Games

 

Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities for 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the focus sight words (see, the you).

 

Roll and Print

In this game focus sight words are printed on a blank die.  Students roll the die and print the focus sight word on the templates provided.

 

Roll, Move and Say

Playing partners take turns rolling a die and moving their game players accordingly on the game board provided.  They must say the sight word that they landed on.

 

Draw and Say

Playing partners take turns drawing a word card and saying the word displayed.  They get to keep the card if it is read correctly.

Rainbow Fish Sight Word Games

 

Writing Activity

All lesson plan themes include a follow-up writing and craft activity. The students would complete the craft/writing activity displayed below. The writing template is meant to be a shape book for your young learners to print a sentence about what they have learned about ocean animals.  The fish template was sponge-painted and thick aluminum foil was used for the scales.

 

Rainbow Fish Writing Craft 

Where Can I Access These Resources?

You can access the resources from the link below

 

Rainbow Fish Literacy Lesson Plans

 

 

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Clifford the Big Dog Literacy Lesson Plans

Kinderplans integrates literature in all the lesson plans.  Well-known and loved literature selections are chosen to incorporate key learning outcomes within a balanced literacy approach to learning.  This approach has proven to be the most effective in teaching young learners.  This specific unit uses the Clifford series by Norman Bridwell.
Clifford Literacy Lesson Plans

 

Modeled Reading

All alphabet letters/sounds and sight words begin with using  popular literacy selections for modeled reading.  In this set of lesson plans, the teacher would use any of her favorite Clifford books to read during modeled reading time.

 

Shared Reading Follow-Up

The companion emergent reader “Fox and the Big Dog” would be used as a follow-up to model the reading process and to introduce the following:

 

Alphabet Letters:  Dd for “dog” and Xx for “fox”

 

Pre Primer Sight Words:  big, jump, play, funny

 

Clifford Follow-up Emergent Reader

Cliford Emergent Reader Follow-up B:W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.

 

Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture.

 

Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph below.

 

Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  This Clifford unit includes suggestions and activities in relation to developing these skills.

Alphabet Clips copy

 

Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities for 

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the focus sight word.

 

Roll and Print

In this game focus sight words are printed on a blank die.  Students roll the die and print the focus sight word on the templates provided.

 

Roll, Move and Say

Playing partners take turns rolling a die and moving their game players accordingly on the game board provided.  They must say the sight word that they landed on.

 

Draw and Say

Playing partners take turns drawing a word card and saying the word displayed.  They get to keep the card if it is read correctly.

Clifford Sight Word Games

 

Writing Activity

All lesson plan units include a follow-up writing and craft activity. The students would complete the craft/writing activity displayed below.  The templates to complete the craft are provided within the unit.  The writing template is also included.

Clifford Wirting Craft

 

Where Can I Access These Resources?

You can access the resources from the link below

 

Access Clifford Literacy Unit

 

 

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Mo Willems Pigeon Literacy for Pre-Kindergarten

Young learners love the Pigeon series written by Mo Willems.  I wanted to integrate his books into my learning activities.  In this “Mo Willems Pigeon Literacy Unit” the letters “YyMo Willems Pigeon Literacy and Qq” and Dolch pre-primer words:  go, to, find, little are introduced.  The mini unit includes follow-up games, writing and craft activities.

 

Modeled Reading

All alphabet letters/sounds and sight words begin with using a popular literacy selection used for modeled reading.  In this set of lesson plans, the selections “Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus and Pigeon Loves Things That Go”! are used.

 

Shared Reading Follow-Up

The companion emergent reader “Where Are You Going Yak Family” would be used as a follow-up to model the reading process and to introduce the following:

 

Alphabet Letters:  Yy and Qq

 

Sight Words:  go, to, find, little

 

Transportation Emergent Reader Transportation Emergent Reader 2

 

 

 

 

 

Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.

 

Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture.

 

Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph below.

 

Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  This unit includes suggestions and activities in relation to developing these skills.

Literacy Center Games Transportation

Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the sight word.

 

Roll and Print

In this game focus sight words are printed on a blank die.  Students roll the die and print the focus sight word on the templates provided.

 

Roll, Move and Say

Playing partners take turns rolling a die and moving their game players accordingly and must say the word landed on.

 

Draw and Say

Playing partners take turns drawing a word and saying the word displayed.  They get to keep the card if it is read correctly.

Transportation Sight Words

 

Writing Activity

All lesson plan units include a follow-up writing activity. The students could write about what they think the pigeon is saying to the queen in the emergent reader “Where Are You Going Yak Family”? They could also do the writing activity about what the pigeon is saying on the bus as displayed below.

Transportation Writing

Simple Follow-up Crafts

In this craft activity the students would cut the frame and add the pictures of things that go.  In the second craft activity, I copied the bus template on yellow paper and cut it out.  The students cut the window, colored the pigeon, added the beak and eyes.

Transportation Crafts

Where Can I Access These Resources?

You can access the resources from the link below

 

Mo Willems Pigeon Series Literacy Unit for Pre-Kindergarten

 

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The Day It Rained Hearts Literacy Lesson Plan

The “Alphabet and Sight Word” curriculum is being revised.  It has had a few revisions over the years, this new revision will allow users a more step-by-step

The Day It Rained Valentine Hearts Literacyprocess that can be easily implemented.  It follows a balanced literacy approach for introducing the alphabet letters and their related sounds and all the pre-primer sight words.  This is a brief preview of what is included in the new revised program.

 

Modeled Reading

All alphabet letters/sounds and sight words begin with using a popular literacy selection used for modeled reading.  In this set of lesson plans, the selection “The Day It Rained Hearts” by Felicia is used.

 

Shared Reading Follow-Up

The companion emergent reader “It Rained Valentine Hearts” would be used as a follow-up to model the reading process and to introduce the following:

 

Alphabet Letters:  Uu and Vv

 

Sight Words:  it, down, yellow, the

Rained Hearts ReaderRained Valentine Hearts Reader Color

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alphabet and Rhyming Literacy Center Games and Activities

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture they landed on.

 

Draw and Print

Students draw a picture card and print the letter of the focus initial letter sound represented in the picture.

 

Picture Mnemonic Printing Activity

Students will be involved with focus letter picture mnemonic printing activities as displayed in the photograph.

 

Phonemic Awareness, Phonological Awareness and Rhyming Activities

Rhyming, phonemic and phonological awareness activities are always addressed within the units.  This unit includes suggestions and activities in relation to developing these skills.

Alphabet Games Valentine Hearts

Sight Word Literacy Center Games and Activities

Spin and Print

Playing partners spin and print the sight word.

 

Roll and Print

In this game focus sight words are printed on a blank die.  Students roll the die and print the focus sight word on the templates provided.

 

Roll, Move and Say

Playing partners take turns rolling a die and moving their game players accordingly and must say the word landed on.

 

Draw and Say

Playing partners take turns drawing a word and saying the word displayed.  They get to keep the card if it is read correctly.

Sight Word Games Valentine Games

 

Writing Activity

All lesson plan units include a follow-up writing activity.

Rained Hearts Writng Activity

Simple Follow-up Crafts

In this craft activity the students would cut the frame and color the hearts according the words displayed on them.

Day It Rained Hearts Craft

Where Can I Access These Resources?

You can access the resources from the link below

 

The The It Rained Hearts Literacy Lesson Plans Unit

 

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Reading Readiness for Pre-Kindergarten

Research has shown that students who become readers are able to complete assessments successfully that include the skills outlined below.  It is important that students be systematically taught these skills within daily instructional time.

The Kinderplans program includes activities that focus on developing these skills.

Letter/Sound Isolation

Letter/Sound Isolation

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Phonological awareness is a broad term used where students exhibit the ability to hear and manipulate sounds. There is no connection in identifying specific letters but is exclusively based on the auditory component.  These skills are outlined below:

a)  Word detection is the ability to hear words within a sentence.  Dictate a simple sentence and have students identify each word.

Word Detection/Print Awareness

Word Detection/Print Awareness

b)  Syllable detection is the ability to clap or tap syllables within words.  This can also include compound words.

c)  Phoneme detection is the ability to hear sounds within words, for example, the word mat /m/a/t /has three phonemes.  In Kindergarten or Preschool the focus would be on hearing the initial sound first.  This would be followed by hearing ending and middle sounds.

Phoneme Detection Using A Puppet

Phoneme Detection
Using A Puppet

d)  Rhyme detection is the ability to identify rhyming pairs and also able to generate rhyming pairs.

Rhyming Picture Cards

Rhyming Picture Cards

e)  Syllable and phoneme blending is the ability to hear individual sounds and syllables and blend these back together to identify the related word.

Initial Sound Sorting Cards

Initial Sound Sorting Cards

 

Phonics

Is the ability to name letters and identify their related sounds.  If a child has developed good phonological awareness skills and is able to identify the letters of the alphabet and their related sound, they should be able to begin printing and reading simple CVC words by the end of Kindergarten.  There are 44 English phonemes but the Kinderplans program only focuses on 26 of them.  I teach the other phonemes in grade one.

 

44 phonemes

 

Print Awareness

The student is able to track words, move from left to right and top to bottom when reading.

Initial Sounds Sorting Workbook Page

Initial Sounds Sorting Workbook Page
Students cut a paste pictures representing
the initial focus sound.

 

Vocabulary Development

a)  The student has the ability to name objects, express feelings and actions.

b)  The student is able to complete an oral cloze activity (word deleted and able to generate one that makes sense).

 

All the examples displayed are

taken from the Pre-K curriculum.

 

More Information About the Program

 

 

Vocabulary -Feelings

Vocabulary -Feelings

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Working With Struggling Readers

The Logics of English

The Logics of English

I just read the book “The Logic of English” written by Denise Eide.  This is a great resource for teachers in terms of assisting you with integrating phonics instruction into your program. I intend to use this resource to strengthen my phonics instruction within my grade one class. She advocates that all students should be taught reading within a systematic phonics program and this would result in improving the nation’s reading scores and reduce the amount of struggling readers. This is debatable but I do believe that phonics instruction is important and should be integrated into a balanced literacy framework.  I learned to read and started my teaching career based on phonics programs that included rules, worksheets and where most of the phonics instruction was taught in isolation of text. This became obsolete once the “whole language approach” emerged.  Experienced teachers such as myself remained teaching phonics in conjunction with using a “whole language approach.”  In 2000 the “International Reading Panel” tried to settle the wars between the two opposing philosophies and out of this was born a “balanced literacy” approach to learning.  I feel that all classrooms today should be using this framework to guide their reading and writing instruction.

 

The link below from John Hopkins School of Education outlines the reasons some children struggle with reading and possible intervention programs.  It does note that these students do benefit from a systematic phonics program. However, most of these programs are meant to be used within a small learning group setting.

 

Reasons Students Struggle With Reading and Intervention Suggestions

 

How I Tackled My Dilemma in Teaching Phonics

I have always believed that phonics instruction is very important but I struggled for many years on how to incorporate it effectively.  Teaching in isolation of text seemed very disjointed and not that meaningful to my learners.  When I started incorporating phonics instruction within my reading selections, I started to enjoy teaching phonics and it just flowed naturally.

 

Zoo Escape Reader

Zoo Escape Reader

Example of Phonics Instruction For Hard “Gg” Sound

I introduce the letter “Gg” and its related sound through reading the book “Good Night Gorilla” by Peggy Rathmann.  This is followed by reading the reader “Zoo Escape” as a shared and guided reading instruction (based on a balanced literacy model).

At the beginning of the Kindergarten year I only teach the hard “Gg” sound and later the soft “Gg” sound.

 

Importance of Follow-up Activities – Word Work

Literacy Center Games

Literacy Center Games

Literacy Center Games

It is obvious that just introducing the letter is not enough for the students to fully internalize the concept. Follow-up activities are crucial in fully grasping how this sound works in conjunction to printing and reading.  The literacy center games are meant to be used for this purpose.  The link below outlines the process in which I go through for my students to fully grasp the concept of learning new letters and their related sounds.

 

 Follow-up Activities 

 

Dictation – Extending Word Work

“When writing by hand, the movement involved leave a motor memory in the sensorimotor part of the brain which helps us recognize letters.  This implies a connection between reading and writing, and suggests that the sensorimotor system plays a role in the process of visual recognition during reading.”

Word Dictation

Word Dictation

 

Anne Mangen Univeristy of Stavanger, Norway

 

The above statement supports the idea that students do not internalize the connection to the letter and sound until they are able to print that letter. This has also been my experience. For this reason, each day I have a short dictation period where my students print on their erasable whiteboards.  I will dictate words and they must print the initial letter that represents that word.  By the end of the year, most students can print the entire word (usually CVC words). This is part of my word work and phonics instruction and is a very important one.

 

Extending the Concept To “Soft Gg” – Later In The Year

When doing the fairy tale theme we read different versions of the book “The Gingerbread Man”.  This is followed-up by looking at the letter “Gg” and introducing the other sound it makes.  The reader “Gingerbread Man Perseveres” is used as a shared and guided reading follow-up.

Gingerbread Man Perseveres Reader

Gingerbread Man Perseveres Reader

 

Spelling Rule

You may introduce the following spelling rule as outlined in the book “The Logic of English.”

Gg may soften to /j/ when followed by e, i, or y.  Otherwise it says /g/.

 

Summary

Phonics instruction is important especially for those students who are not strong visual learners.  These students are auditory learners and need phonics instruction.  For me, I like to teach phonics in conjunction with the stories that I am reading and incorporating into my word work blocks.  For kinesthetic learners, printing the letter(s) in conjunction with learning the phonograms is an important step in internalizing how they are used in representing sound units within writing and reading.

The book “The Logic of English” will provide you with all the different phonograms that we use in the English language.  It also provides you with all the different spelling rules that can be applied when learning to spell English words.  It is a great book to read to provide guidance on how you can approach your phonics lessons and spelling instruction. I would tend to stick with teaching the consonants and the two vowel sounds (long and short) initially at the pre-k level.

 

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Teaching Ideas for the New School Year

 

Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Many of you will be entering the new school year and the excitement of meeting your little learners is mounting.  They will all enter with a wide range of skills and abilities.  With the curriculum expectations becoming more rigorous, we tend to omit the basics. When I started teaching kindergarten, I was so eager on getting these little ones learning the alphabet and start the process of writing and reading early.  I learned very quickly that the majority of my students didn’t understand the concept of what a beginning sound was nor could they hear it.  I had to take a step back and start with the basics.  This is where phonemic instruction comes into play.  The video in the link below does a fantastic job of explaining phonemic and phonological awareness.

 

Important Pre-Reading Skills

 

The graphic organizer displayed above was from the URL below.  Great Job!!!

 

Graphic Organizer and More Information on Phonemic Awareness

 

Importance of Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and segment sounds.  We know that a student’s skills in phonemic awareness is a good predictor of later reading success or difficulty.  Since research has proven this time and time again, as a Pre-K or kindergarten teacher, this is a great place to start your literacy instruction.  I have outlined some fun and engaging activities below that can be used for segmentation and blending.

 

Slow Speaking Sam

Guessing the Word

Slow Speaking Sam Puppet

I have a puppet called “Slow Speaking Sam”.  He says sounds of words very, very slowly. My little ones have fun trying to figure out the word he is saying.  Together we blend the sounds to say the entire word.

 

Assigning Each Child A Sound

Sound Segmenting

Sound Segmenting

I have three students (to begin with) and assign them each a sound.  They each say their sound and the rest of the students must guess what the word is when you put all the sounds together (blending).

 

Money in the Bank and Taken Out

Move the Sound

Move the Sound

I show a CVC picture card (45 pictures on the Kinderplans site). Each child is given a cupful of pennies or whatever you have available.  The students move the pennies into the bank representing each sound heard.  After, they blend the sounds together to say the entire word while removing the pennies.  After the game, the students can count how many pennies they collected.

 

Money in the Bank Templates

 

Squeeze the Sound

Squeeze the Sound

Squeeze the Sound

Again, I show a CVC picture card.  The students must squeeze the ball each time a sound is heard. They blend the sounds together to say the entire word, while dropping the ball to the ground (do not want a ball that bounces). This is also great for developing fine-motor strength too!

 

Stretch the Sound

Stretching Sounds

Stretching Sounds

The students stretch each sound using a slinky or elastic band. These can bought at a Dollar store (love those stores).

 

Using Your Imagination

These are just a few examples but you get the idea of the possibilities.  The activities should involve some sort of movement in order to be effective.

 

When Do I Start Introducing the Alphabet Letters?

I only concentrate on phonemic awareness activities for the first week or so of the school year.  I still continue to do these throughout the year but I introduce the relationship to a letter.

 

Meeting Your Curriculum Outcomes

If the Kinderplans Alphabet program were to be followed the majority of your curriculum outcomes would be met.  The only area that is not covered is poetry.  I am working towards adding these to the collection of resources found on the site.

Alphabet Program

Alphabet Program

 

If you have poems that you use in your class to share, I would really appreciate them sent to me or post a comment below.

 

Alphabet Program Explained

I just recently posted a video on the site that explains the program.  Hop over to view it.

 

Alphabet Program Explained

 

PLEASE POST COMMENTS!!!  IDEAS FOR POEMS APPRECIATED!

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