Important Pre-K Skills

One of the most important skills that should be taught at the Pre-K level is phonemic and phonological awareness.  I can’t stress the importance of teaching these skills to our early learners because they are the basis for learning to read. Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and segment sounds.  We know that a student’s skills in phonemic awareness is a good predictor of later reading success or difficulty.  Since research has proven this time and time again, as a Pre-K or kindergarten teacher, this is a great place to start your literacy instruction.

Phonological Awareness

Phonological Awareness

 

What Is The Difference Between Phonemic and Phonological Awareness?

The video below outlines the difference between phonemic and phonological awareness.

 

Important Pre-Reading Skills

 

Pre-K Curriculum

The new Pre-K curriculum that has been developed contains lessons based on the phonological awareness model displayed on the right.  The skills outlined below address these key components within the lesson plans.

 

Information About Pre-K Curriculum

 

Sound Knowledge

-Isolate beginning sounds in words

-Segment and blend sounds in words

-Change a sound in a word to make a new word

 

Rhyme Knowledge

Pre-K Curriclum

Pre-K Curriclum

-Recognize rhyming word partners and be able to generate rhyming partners

 

Syllable Knowledge

-Clap and tap syllables within words

 

Word Knowledge

-Recognize how many words are within a sentence

 

Sample Mini-Lesson On Word Segmentation

Place the picture cards representing the words below in a pocket chart.  Say the words below segmenting each letter sound.  I say each letter sound very, very slowly or a I use a puppet named “Slow Speaking Sam” who says sounds in words slowly.  The students are to blend the sounds back together and identify the picture card that represents the word.

 

b/u/s          b/o/x          b/e/d         h/ou/se          s/u/n          p/i/g

 

Segmenting Picture Cards 

Below are the picture cards representing the words to be segmented.

 

 

 

Pre-K Curriculum Information

In the link below you can find more information on the Pre-K curriculum.

 

More Information About Pre-K Curriculum

 

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Teaching Ideas for the New School Year

 

Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Phonemic and Phonological Awareness

Many of you will be entering the new school year and the excitement of meeting your little learners is mounting.  They will all enter with a wide range of skills and abilities.  With the curriculum expectations becoming more rigorous, we tend to omit the basics. When I started teaching kindergarten, I was so eager on getting these little ones learning the alphabet and start the process of writing and reading early.  I learned very quickly that the majority of my students didn’t understand the concept of what a beginning sound was nor could they hear it.  I had to take a step back and start with the basics.  This is where phonemic instruction comes into play.  The video in the link below does a fantastic job of explaining phonemic and phonological awareness.

 

Important Pre-Reading Skills

 

The graphic organizer displayed above was from the URL below.  Great Job!!!

 

Graphic Organizer and More Information on Phonemic Awareness

 

Importance of Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and segment sounds.  We know that a student’s skills in phonemic awareness is a good predictor of later reading success or difficulty.  Since research has proven this time and time again, as a Pre-K or kindergarten teacher, this is a great place to start your literacy instruction.  I have outlined some fun and engaging activities below that can be used for segmentation and blending.

 

Slow Speaking Sam

Guessing the Word

Slow Speaking Sam Puppet

I have a puppet called “Slow Speaking Sam”.  He says sounds of words very, very slowly. My little ones have fun trying to figure out the word he is saying.  Together we blend the sounds to say the entire word.

 

Assigning Each Child A Sound

Sound Segmenting

Sound Segmenting

I have three students (to begin with) and assign them each a sound.  They each say their sound and the rest of the students must guess what the word is when you put all the sounds together (blending).

 

Money in the Bank and Taken Out

Move the Sound

Move the Sound

I show a CVC picture card (45 pictures on the Kinderplans site). Each child is given a cupful of pennies or whatever you have available.  The students move the pennies into the bank representing each sound heard.  After, they blend the sounds together to say the entire word while removing the pennies.  After the game, the students can count how many pennies they collected.

 

Money in the Bank Templates

 

Squeeze the Sound

Squeeze the Sound

Squeeze the Sound

Again, I show a CVC picture card.  The students must squeeze the ball each time a sound is heard. They blend the sounds together to say the entire word, while dropping the ball to the ground (do not want a ball that bounces). This is also great for developing fine-motor strength too!

 

Stretch the Sound

Stretching Sounds

Stretching Sounds

The students stretch each sound using a slinky or elastic band. These can bought at a Dollar store (love those stores).

 

Using Your Imagination

These are just a few examples but you get the idea of the possibilities.  The activities should involve some sort of movement in order to be effective.

 

When Do I Start Introducing the Alphabet Letters?

I only concentrate on phonemic awareness activities for the first week or so of the school year.  I still continue to do these throughout the year but I introduce the relationship to a letter.

 

Meeting Your Curriculum Outcomes

If the Kinderplans Alphabet program were to be followed the majority of your curriculum outcomes would be met.  The only area that is not covered is poetry.  I am working towards adding these to the collection of resources found on the site.

Alphabet Program

Alphabet Program

 

If you have poems that you use in your class to share, I would really appreciate them sent to me or post a comment below.

 

Alphabet Program Explained

I just recently posted a video on the site that explains the program.  Hop over to view it.

 

Alphabet Program Explained

 

PLEASE POST COMMENTS!!!  IDEAS FOR POEMS APPRECIATED!

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