Preschool and Kindergarten Activities for Lesson Plans

Alphabet Kindergarten and Preschool Program - Meeting the Curriculum

How Does the Program Work?

The video below demonstrates how the "alphabet readers" and other follow-up activities are used to teach the alphabet and other early reading skills.
 

 

  View on YouTube Teaching the Alphabet Activities


 

View on SchoolTube Teaching the Alphabet




Activity 1 - Creating a Meaningful Reason

Introducing the alphabet in the context of using the alphabet and sight word readers give the children a much greater understanding of why they are learning the letters (to read) rather than in isolation.  The readers also provide a powerful tool in modeling the reading process to the children.  Other skills can also be taught in context with using the readers. 
 

Activity 2 - Connecting to Literature

The "Alphabet Program" uses well-known literature selections as a base for introducing each letter of the alphabet.  This helps connect the enjoyment of listening to the stories to the importance of learning to read (starting first with learning the alphabet and their related sounds). 
 

Letter a Alphabet ActivityActivity 3 - Using Auditory Stimulus

The "Alpha Tunes CD" is an additional tool used to teach the alphabet and related sounds.  This will  appeal to the auditory learners.  All the songs on the CD are related to the alphabet readers.
 

Activity 4 - Using Visual Stimulus

Research has shown that the children learn the alphabet letters and sounds more successfully if they are associated with a picture or visual image.  Each letter has a craft follow-up activity related to it for the purpose of incorporating this for visual learners.  For example, the activity displayed on the left would be completed after reading the alphabet and sight word reader "Apples in the Meadow" which introduces the letter "a' for apple within its story context.
 

Activity 5 - Extending the Learning to Sight Words, Word Families and Other Concepts

Fry's and Dolch word lists were used to generate the sight words for the program.  Many of the preprimer and primer words from the lists have been incorporated in the alphabet and sight word emergent readers.  If you are working with younger children (preschool) this would not be applicable.  This concept extends to blending sounds together for forming words (word families).  This is when the reading process begins. Other learning concepts have been incorporated into the readers.  The video below demonstrates this.


  View on YouTube More Literacy Activities

    
   
    Activity 6- Teaching Printing in a Systematic Fashion

 When developing the program many avenues were looked at.  The reason for the sequencing the alphabet in the manner suggested was to ease into printing the letters more successfully. 


Although every effort has been made to sequence the letters in this fashion, it was difficult to coordinate the themes, emergent readers and literature selections to coincide exactly as suggested.  The vowel sounds have been introduced near the beginning of the program so kindergarten teachers can begin introducing related word family groups early in the school year.  The first letter introduced is letter "c" because it becomes the base of printing other letters.  The base for learning is outlined below:
 

Letter "c" turns into          "a", "e", "d", "o", "g" and "q"

Letter "l" turns into           "t", "i", "j" and "k"

Letter "r" turns into           "n", "m", "h", "b" and "p"

Letter "v" turns into           "y"", "w" and "x"

Extra letters                      "f", "s", "u" and "z"
 

Phonemic Awareness Activities

I teach 4 and 5 year olds and  one of the challenges I face at the beginning of the school year is having the students understand the concept of what a beginning sound is and hearing it. The activities outlined below have helped develop this concept. Throughout the day I have three students come forward.  I give each child a letter/sound printed on a small whiteboard.  The students represent this specific sound.

Example:  c--a--t


We discuss what sound is heard first, in the middle and last.  After, I bring the students standing closer together and we say the sounds faster and blend them.  The class must determine what the word is.  This activity is great for helping the children understand what a beginning or first sound heard means.  I call this "Mystery Word Game."


Beginning of the School Year
I play the animated alphabet video displayed below.  I use this video to demonstrate the characters that they will be introduced to when reading the "Alphabet Readers."   The readers are the key component in introducing the alphabet and its related sound in context.



Animated Alphabet Song Video
Students will enjoy learning the alphabet by singing the alphabet song and copying the movements of the animated characters.

  

Alphabet Song for Children Animated Video on YouTube

 

Alphabet Song for Children Animated Video on SchoolTube



 




Follow-up Activity

Rolling Dice Phonics Game
I have included a link to a game I use to assist students in developing the skill of hearing initial letter sounds.  I also send this link to my parents in my monthly newsletters so they can play the game at home as well.  


How to Play the Game
This is a partner game that would need to be monitored by an adult (this is why it is a good game to play at home).   Each student takes a turn rolling a die.  They must say the name of the picture they land on and verbally tell what sound they hear first.


Rolling Dice Phonics Game

 

More Information on Kindergarten Activities - Meeting the Curriculum

More information on the program can be found in the link below.  This document outlines the literature books, sight words and word families used in the program.
 

More Information on the Program

 

Preschool and Kindergarten Printable Activities to Incorporate a Lesson Plan



   To View on YouTube Literacy Game Activities

   To View on SchoolTube Literacy Game Activities



Mini Lesson Plan Sample

Below you will find a mini lesson plan on introducing a new letter sound. The video demonstrates how the plans can be implemented.  This plan would be similar to a plan you would find on the member site.  However, there is no related song to incorporateAlso, there  are no suggestions for incorporating sight words and word families in this mini-plan.

Connection to Literature
Read the book "Hello Robots" by Bob Staake to the children.  Point out the letter "r" and its related sound in relation to the word "robot".
 

Introducing the Letter "r" Through the Reader "Ronnie Robot"
In the link below you will find a sample alphabet reader that introduces the letter "r" within its story context. The video demonstrates how the reader can be used and follow-up activities that can be incorporated.

Reader Ronnie Robot No Interactive Component


Reader Ronnie Robot With Interactive Component

Alphabet Picture Sorting Cards Activity Follow-up Activities Using Name Alliterations
The reader makes use of alliteration.  This can be followed-up by making class name alliterations.  This a very effective phonemic awareness activity.

For example, if you have the names Tina and Tim in your classroom an alliteration could be:  Tiny Tina tickles tall Tim.


Preschool - Kindergarten Printable Follow-up Activities

Game 1 -  Practicing Recognition of Letter "r" and Corresponding Sound
Make serveral copies of the picture cards in the links below.  These are cut and placed upside down.  This can be played as a partner game or cooperation game.  Each time a player selects a picture card beginning with the letter "r" sound, this is marked off on their tally board (link below).  If this is a cooperation game, the players work together to fill the board.  If this is a more competitive game, the first person to complete their individual tally board is the winner.

Picture Cards With and Without the Words


Game Board Tally Sheet


Game 2 - Memory Game
The children sort the pictures according to which ones begin with the letter "r" sound.  After, these would be placed together.  One partner would cover their eyes and the other partner would remove one picture.  The other partner must determine which picture was removed.  Each player would take turns.


Follow-up Pre-Kindergarten Craft ActivityPicture Mnemonic Craft Activity

The follow-up picture menmonic activity would be to paint the letter "r" to resemble a rainbow.  In the "Space Theme" there is a template to make a "robot" to represent the letter and its corresponding sound as displayed in the photograph.


Picture Mnemonic "r" Printable


Printing the Letter, Sight Words and Word Families
Generally printing, sight word and word family activity suggestions would be given but they have not been included in this mini-plan.

Connection to Music
The "Alpha Tunes" CD would be used to provide the auditory stimulus.  The songs relate to the alphabet readers that are found in the program.




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